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Thesis Details
AuthorRADAMPOLA, Senanie Sujeewa
InstitutionCentral Queensland University
AbstractIn the design of rail track structures where the subgrade cannot achieve the desired capacity, enabling the required standard of track geometry to be maintained for the speed, axle load and tonnage to be hauled, a capping layer of granular material is placed between the natural ground or the embankment fill material and the ballast to protect the underlying weaker layers. In spite of the important role played by the capping layer, very little research has been carried out on its performance. The current practice of design of the capping layer, therefore, is based on working stress philosophy where reduced levels of stresses are assumed not to degrade the subgrade. Even on tracks containing a thick ballast layer that ensures allowable levels of working stress the subgrade has been found to have permanently deformed. Design of capping layers based on plastic deformation, therefore, appears appropriate. This thesis aims at determining the load levels that cause detrimental plastic deformation in the capping layer. The suite of material properties that characterise plastic deformations of capping layer is neither readily available nor easily determined. This thesis proposes a cheaper method of evaluating a range of capping layer material properties using penetration tests on specimens contained in California Bearing Ratio (CBR) test moulds coupled with a finite element modelling based back calculation technique. The suite of material properties thus determined are used for the simulation of the behaviour of capping layers under the boundary and loading conditions similar to those in practice. The predicted results are validated using laboratory experiments on large size capping layer specimens.
Thesis 01front.pdf 210 Kb
02chapter1.pdf 31.5 Kb
03chapter2.pdf 1404.6 Kb
04chapter3.pdf 1261.4 Kb
05chapter4.pdf 496.4 Kb
06chapter5.pdf 770.0 Kb
07chapter6.pdf 1393.0 Kb
08chapter7.pdf 88.3 Kb
09references.pdf 36.1 Kb
10appendices.pdf 244.4 Kb